a Process Piece
Writing Mode: expository,
Purpose: to practice the skill
of accurately explaining sequential details and analyzing why those
steps are necessary.
Hi! And welcome to the new Crime Scene Investigation program.
Over the next several weeks, you'll be learning a great deal about what
goes in to becoming a crime scene investigator.
You will be learning a number of different processes when it comes to
investigating a particular crime scene. Each different aspect of the
investigation--from interviewing witnesses to fingerprint
processing--includes a number of different steps. But for the moment,
I'd like you to take this opportunity to really dig into one (1)
aspect of scene investigation. Some questions you might consider
How do I gather fingerprint evidence?
Once I have the fingerprint evidence, how do I examine the fingerprint
for relevant information?
How do I take and process DNA evidence?
How do I go about interviewing a crime scene witness or suspect?
How do I analyze ballistic evidence?
How do I gather up relevant crime scene evidence?
How do I go about interpreting blood stain evidence?
Because this is called a process-analysis essay, you are going to be
working on an additional skill: analyzing. The analyzing part comes
into play when you explain the reasons for performing certain steps or
stages of the process. To write a successful essay, you must focus your energy on accuracy
of the steps and on explaining why those steps or stages are necessary.
Preparing the Essay:
- Once you have chosen a subject, make an outline by breaking your
chosen process down into the major stages that are involved. The number
of stages will vary depending on your subject, but think of each stage
as a paragraph, that basic unit of information that organizes an essay.
The purpose of this outline is not to work out the details of your
process but to see the bigger picture and how the stages fit together.
- Break each stage down into smaller steps. You should have
multiple steps for each stage of the process. It will be easier if you
devote a sheet of paper to one stage as you are drafting your essay.
- Next focus on the smaller details. The more precise you are, the
better your readers will be able to understand your essay and "see" how
the process works.
- Start drafting your main body section of the essay.
- The informative process approach needs to be written in the third
person point of view. So if you are explaining a process that you
usually go through, you will need to generalize it and cast it into the
- For the directive (how-to) process essay, it will need to be
written in the second person point of view, but avoid overusing the
words “you” and “your”.
- Regardless of the approach you take, your essay will also sound
better if you write in the present tense rather than the past tense.
Page length: Your essay must be
between 3 and 5 typed, double-spaced pages. Remember to title your
essay uniquely. Don’t call it the "Process-Analysis Essay" or "Essay
Audience: academic; assume
they’re not knowledgeable about the process you are explaining.
Standard American English (SAE):
Remember, your paper must follow the basic conventions of standard
American written English (correct mechanics, usage, grammar, spelling,
punctuation, sentence structure, and so forth).
First Draft: ______
Final Draft: _______